Cremation is the preferred way of disposing of dead bodies among Hindus, who believe that fire purifies the soul and frees it from the body, allowing for the person to be reborn. This is followed by collection of deceased person’s ash after cremation which is later immersed in to the river. Thus, in India, a lot of cremation activities are observed along rivers and especially along Ganga. It is also observed as part of some regional practices that a strong belief of burning the departed at the edge of the river exists, where sometimes a part of the pyre may also touch the Ganga. Other common practices observed are bathing the dead just before the cremation. To facilitate the significant customs, various crematoria are developed along the river Ganga.
Numerous proposals for design of Crematoria exist at various levels. To bring clarity and uniformity in design and costs of Crematoria, eight proficient design options for a model crematorium have been provided by NMCG. The Designs are broadly categorized under Conventional and Improvised types of Crematoria. The conventional designs can be further characterized as stand-alone types for rural as well as semi-urban areas and Basic Crematorium complex with various amenities for urban areas where number of daily cremation is considerable. Under Improvised crematorium designs, alternative cremation solutions are recognized and recommended as Electric crematorium, Gasifier crematorium and Improved wood cremation system. The information on eight design options for a model crematorium are already available on the website of NMCG.
Whoever adopts a crematorium is recommended to take up a suitable model from the Model crematorium designs based on the number of cremations observed and on local requirements, provided operation and maintenance of the same is undertaken by the adopted agency or local body.
List of Crematoria:-