Structurally, the Ganga basin comprises of three large divisions of the Indian subcontinent,
namely: the Himalayan fold mountains, the Central Indian highlands and the Peninsular shield, and the Gangetic plain.
The Himalayan Fold Mountains include numerous snow peaks rising above 7000 meters. Each of these peaks is surrounded by
snow fields and glaciers. All the tributaries are characterised by well regulated flows and assured supply of water
throughout the year. The Gangetic plain, in which the main stem of Ganga lies, consists of alluvial formation and is a
vast flat depositional surface at an elevation below 300 meters.